* By the early 20th century, much degradation — in fact, outright noise-making — was evident in (what had been) Western music, but among the "loyalist" or "semi-loyalist" Western masters still writing or yet to start writing were Debussy, Elgar, Fauré, Hanson, Hindemith, Janacek, Nielsen, Prokofiev, Puccini, Rachmaninoff, Saint-Saens, Sibelius, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Stravinsky, and Vaughan Williams. (As is my usual practice, I classify the Russians as Western for purposes of high art.)

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