1. Steven R. Ratner, "Crimes against Peace,"; and "The Common Plan or Conspiracy and Aggressive War," The Nizkor Project, 01.html.

2. Walter J. Rockler, "War crimes law applies to U.S. too,"

3. Charter of the United Nations, Chapter I, "Purposes and Principles,"

4. James Bissett, "We Created a Monster," July 31, 2001,

5. Rockler.

6. Dominic Evans, "War on Iraq Based on Shaky Legal Ground," March 28, 2002,

7. The Germans made this argument to justify their June 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union. Recent material from the Soviet archives tends to support its strategic, if not legal, validity. See Viktor Suvorov (Vladimir Rezun), Icebreaker: Who Started the Second World War? (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1990); and R.C. Raack, "Stalin's Role in the Coming of World War II," World Affairs, (vol. 158, no.4) Spring 1996, text on line at

8. Jim Lobe, "Why Unilateralism Will Erode America's Influence," TomPaine.commone sense: A Public Interest Journal, July 25, 2002,

The United States allows less fairness in the international arena than did the post-nuclear dystopian Bartertown in "Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome," where in the killing arena, Thunderdome, "The rules are ... there are no rules." See

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