1. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Governmental Affairs Committee Hearing, Chairman Joe Lieberman, February 7, 2002,

2. George Will, "The Right 9/11 Probe," New York Post, May 22, 2002,; and
William Kristol and Robert Kagan, "Still Time for an Investigation," The Weekly Standard, June 10, 2002,

3. Jonathan Alter, "What We Really Need to Know," Newsweek, June 10, 2002,;
George Will, "The Right 9/11 Probe," New York Post, May 22, 2002,;
"Don't Look! It's a War!," The American Prospect, June 17, 2002,;
Leonard Steinhorn, "What Did He Know and When Did He Know It?" May 16, 2002,;
Angela Greiling Keane, "Roemer, some 9/11 families rally for independent commission," Laport Herald-Argus, June 12, 2002,; and
Patrick Martin, "Was the US government alerted to September 11 attack?" World Socialist Website, January 20, 2002,

The Pearl Harbor commission has been cited in connection with 9/11 investigations more often than the Warren Commission on the Kennedy assassination not only because of the seemingly comparable war situations but also because of the Warren Commission's bad baggage. Few proponents of a special commission would consider the controversial Warren Report any sort of a model.

4. Kristol and Kagan.

5. Charles A. Beard, President Roosevelt and the Coming of the War, 1941 (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1948), p. 216.

6. Quoted in Beard, p. 517.

7. John Toland, Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1982), pp. 24-25; George Morgenstern, Pearl Harbor: The Story of the Secret War (New York: Devin-Adair, 1947), pp. 41-42.

8. James Perloff, "Scapegoating Kimmel and Short," New American, June 4, 2001,

9. Morgenstern, p. 42.

10. Stephen J. Sniegoski, "The Case for Pearl Harbor Revisionism," The Occidental Quarterly, 1:2 (Winter 2001),

11. Gordon Prange, At Dawn We Slept:The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor (New York: Penguin Books, 1981), p. 595.

12. Perloff; Toland, pp. 37-39.

13. Robert B. Stinnett, Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor (New York: Touchstone, 2001), p. 255.

14. Toland, p. 39.

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